Environment - In Architectural Design

Architecture d'origine contrôlée


In any well designed building, the geology that it exists in and inhabits and the climate that it is exposed to 24/7 are as important as the aesthetic requirements that make a great building surpass other more mundane concepts


Geology


Soil is as important as any of the other major structural features in any architectural project. Natural soils are based on sand and clay and the way they behave depends on their precise composition and water content. In impervious rock, the buildings foundations can be embedded in the stable landscape. On sandy soil with solid rock beneath, pile driving into the solid rock under the sandy soil will be required to create stability for the buildings foundations




Climate


As important as soil, climate is the other key element in architectural design that, if missing or badly researched or implemented into a buildings final framework, can spell disaster. Three main elements exist within climate considerations, sun, rain, wind. Sunshine can provide essential natural lighting in equal measure in the morning and afternoon, the buildings orientation can maximize on these characteristics, filtering screens and shading methods can be used in extreme temperature environments.

Rain, Canopies can be implemented into a final design to give shelter and refuge from the outside elements. Rain collection can be used to the buildings environmental advantage providing its use for facilities within the building. Specific roof forms can be designed to create maximum water run off.

Wind, building design for wind protection can use multiple buildings placed to create shelter from prevailing winds, wind catchers can be used to capitalize on strong breezes and can be channeled to cool and also to generate energy throughout the building

© 2017 Alec Boreham